Hands and Hardened Hearts
And it came to pass also on another sabbath,
that he entered into the synagogue and taught: and there was a man whose right
hand was withered. 7 And the scribes and Pharisees watched him, whether he would
heal on the sabbath day; that they might find an accusation against him. 8 But
he knew their thoughts, and said to the man which had the withered hand, Rise
up, and stand forth in the midst. And he arose and stood forth. 9 Then said
Jesus unto them, I will ask you one thing; Is it lawful on the sabbath days to
do good, or to do evil? to save life, or to destroy it? 10 And looking round
about upon them all, he said unto the man, Stretch forth thy hand. And he did
so: and his hand was restored whole as the other. 11 And they were filled with
madness; and communed one with another what they might do to Jesus.
Also in Matt 12:9-13 and Mark 3:1-5
In Luke 4:19 Jesus read from Isaiah 61 which
says that the Messiah would preach the gospel to the poor, proclaim release to
the captives, heal the blind, set free those who are downtrodden and proclaim
the favorable year of the Lord. After
Jesus read this, he sat down and said, “Today this Scripture has been
fulfilled in your hearing.”
In some ways this passage is a purpose or mission statement
for Jesus. In the following
chapters of Luke we see him focused on preaching the gospel (Luke 4:43)
setting free the captives (those demon possessed are liberated) bringing relief
to the downtrodden through several miracles and we see Him working on the
Sabbath on several occasions.
The Sabbath controversies are important and often overlooked.
When Jesus reads the statement “to proclaim the favorable year of the
Lord,” and then in the next moment says that this is fulfilled, I think He is
stating that He is the Sabbath rest.
The Favorable Year of the Lord was the year of Jubilee, which
was the 50th year. It
was the Sabbath of Sabbaths. Jesus
is stating that He is the fulfillment of the Sabbath and ultimate rest is found
in Him. So He goes around violating
the rules of the Pharisees regarding the Sabbath to show that He is the Lord of
the Sabbath and that the Sabbath, as they know it, is over.
But notice that it is always in a context where Jesus is
providing for someone’s needs – whether hunger or disease, etc.
He is bringing relief and rest to the people.
He has just healed the man at the pool of Bethesda on the
Then he is picking grain on the Sabbath on the way through a
field. According to the OT, it was
OK to pick some grain as you passed through someone’s field.
What the Pharisees were concerned with was that He was doing
it on the Sabbath. Jesus defended
what the disciples were doing was not sinful with examples from OT.
David ate the shewbread in the temple, and that was OK,
because the rule not to eat the shewbread was not more important than the
starvation of humans.
Priests work hardest on Sabbath. (Matt 12:5)
Or have ye not read in the law, how that
on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are
In Matt 12:7, But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and
not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless. the
parallel passage, Hos 6:6 is quoted.
God does not want ritual service without the heart.
And the Sabbath was made for the benefit of man and not vice-versa.
The Pharisees made the Sabbath more important than humanity.
Humans were serving the Sabbath. It
was a burden to them. The Sabbath
was supposed to serve mankind and be a benefit to them.
He tells them in Luke 6:5 And he said unto them, That the Son of man is Lord also of the
the son of man has authority over the Sabbath.
He is making another claim to deity.
Since He is God and He is the one who made the Sabbath, He can override
their traditions and use the Sabbath as He originally intended.
“. . . another
connects to the previous Sabbath controversies.
In the Matthew passage (Matt 12:11 And
he said unto them, What man shall there be among you, that shall have one sheep,
and if it fall into a pit on the sabbath day, will he not lay hold on it, and
lift it out? )
He gives an illustration about a sheep in a pit to show that
doing good on the Sabbath is OK. Doing
what is right is OK. That is the
issue. It also shows us that it is
wrong to do nothing when you have the ability to do something.
What does Jesus’ argument assume? It assumes that people are more important than animals.
Jesus indicts them on the issue of the value of people over animals.
God prescribed animal sacrifice as the substitute for men.
By the time of the NT, there was such a perversion of human value;
animals were more valuable than people.
Is that not true in our society? We save spotted owl eggs but abort millions of babies a year.
We stop our cars and carry a turtle across the road and then go kill
someone for a car stereo or a pair of tennis shoes.
It is obvious from the Bible, which is more valuable, but
since our society no longer considers the Bible the authority, everything is
relative and we have no argument with the animal rights activists.
In Matt 6:26 and 10:31 Matthew also deals with this issue of
the superior value of humans over animals.
Matthew 6:26 Behold the fowls of the air: for they sow not, neither do they
reap, nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feedeth them. Are ye not
much better than they?
Matthew 10:31 Fear ye not therefore, ye are of more value than many sparrows.
Jesus asks them if it is lawful to save life or destroy life
on the Sabbath. What is the irony
with the statement?
He is trying to save life and they are trying to destroy life
(His to be precise.) Perhaps that
is why they remain silent (cf. Mark 3:4). He is setting them up because after
this they are furious and go out to plan his death.
is lawful to do good on the Sabbath. They
won’t answer Him, so He takes the initiative. He states that it is OK to do
good (cf. Matt 12:12) How
much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the
He was disappointed, righteously angry, etc. (cf. Mark
account) over their hard hearts. Although
I’m sure He had compassion on the man with the withered hand, this miracle is
partly motivated by anger against the Pharisees.
Mark 3:1-5 And
he entered again into the synagogue; and there was a man there which had a
withered hand. 2 And they watched him, whether he would heal him on the sabbath
day; that they might accuse him. 3 And he saith unto the man which had the
withered hand, Stand forth. 4 And
he saith unto them, Is it lawful to do good on the sabbath days, or to do evil?
to save life, or to kill? But they held their peace. 5 And when he had looked
round about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts,
he saith unto the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched it out: and
his hand was restored whole as the other.
10 And looking round about upon them all, he
said unto the man, Stretch forth thy hand. And he did so: and his hand was
restored whole as the other. 11 And they were filled with madness; and communed
one with another what they might do to Jesus.
cures him. Ironically all he does
is speak. He is not really working
on the Sabbath. Can’t He just
talk? The main point is that his word is powerful and sufficient.
He does not lift a hand to work and does not break the Sabbath, the leaders are
enraged anyway and get together with the Herodians (the enemy) cf Mark 3:6 …
on the Sabbath … to plot a murder
… of someone who just performed a good deed.
(3) Mark 3:6
And the Pharisees
went forth, and straightway took counsel with the Herodians against him, how
they might destroy him.
(4) They obviously didn’t learn anything from Jesus’
question as to whether it was legal to save life or destroy it. This shows the
absolute irrationality and insidiousness of sin and its blindness.
(1) The occurrence of the miracle on the Sabbath is
important. We learn :
That Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath. If He is Lord over the
Sabbath, then He is Lord over the whole law because the Sabbath was the sign of
the Mosaic covenant.
From the context we learn that Jesus is the fulfillment of
the Sabbath and that we find rest in Him.
We learn what the Sabbath is for. It is for people. It
is for them to find rest. It is not
there to make life difficult for people.
Jesus is throwing down the gauntlet challenging the Pharisees.
He is confronting them and exposing their misunderstanding of the law.
They misunderstood the sign of the law and in reality, they misunderstood the
whole law. The Sermon on the Mount
exposed them in detail. The leaders
don’t have a clue and He silences them.
(3) Missing the purpose of the law caused them to miss the
Heart righteousness is to be preferred over hand ritual.
Humans are more valuable than animals.
It is amazing that we have to point this out in our day and age.
But it is not a new phenomenon. Animals
were put into the law as a substitute for men, but they were at the point where
animals were more important than humans.
Personal bias can keep someone from understanding the word.
Again we see the emphasis on the fact that tradition blinded men to the truth.
We need to be sure we are not guilty of the same.
What makes God angry? Hard
heart, lack of compassion for others... Do I make God angry?
No day is too holy to do right for God.
Jesus’ freedom in observing the Sabbath illustrates our
freedom in Christ. Our tendency is
towards legalism—to set up rules like don’t drink, don’t dance, don’t go
to movies, etc., but we are free to make good decisions about when and how we do
all those things.