Miracle 8:
Healing of the Man at Bethesda

I. OBSERVATION

A. Passage Selected: John 5:1-15

John 5:1-15 ďAfter this there was a feast of the Jews; and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 2 Now there is at Jerusalem by the sheep market a pool, which is called in the Hebrew tongue Bethesda, having five porches.  3 In these lay a great multitude of impotent folk, of blind, halt, withered, waiting for the moving of the water. 4 For an angel went down at a certain season into the pool, and troubled the water: whosoever then first after the troubling of the water stepped in was made whole of whatsoever disease he had. 5 And a certain man was there, which had an infirmity thirty and eight years. 6 When Jesus saw him lie, and knew that he had been now a long time in that case, he saith unto him, Wilt thou be made whole? 7 The impotent man answered him, Sir, I have no man, when the water is troubled, to put me into the pool: but while I am coming, another steppeth down before me. 8 Jesus saith unto him, Rise, take up thy bed, and walk. 9 And immediately the man was made whole, and took up his bed, and walked: and on the same day was the sabbath. 10 The Jews therefore said unto him that was cured, It is the sabbath day: it is not lawful for thee to carry thy bed. 11 He answered them, He that made me whole, the same said unto me, Take up thy bed, and walk. 12 Then asked they him, What man is that which said unto thee, Take up thy bed, and walk? 13 And he that was healed wist not who it was: for Jesus had conveyed himself away, a multitude being in that place.  14 Afterward Jesus findeth him in the temple, and said unto him, Behold, thou art made whole: sin no more, lest a worse thing come unto thee. 15 The man departed, and told the Jews that it was Jesus, which had made him whole

B. Progression Stated: Logical

We see a miracle and then much emphasis on the results of the miracle.  So there is a cause effect relationship.

C. Presentation Summarized:

1. Context of the miracle  5:1-5

a. A Feast of Israel

1.       This is another Sabbath miracle.  I think Jesus works on the Sabbath on purpose. 

2.       He is forcing the issue that the religious leaders were missing the original purpose of the Sabbath and that He is Lord over the Sabbath.  In the other Gospels, there will be a number of Sabbath controversies following this miracle.

3.       The Feast of Pentecost, Passover and Tabernacles obligated all males to attend.  Perhaps it was one of these feasts. It might have been Passover, but some doubt that because it would have been too cold for people to be lying around the pool.  Probably not the Feast of Tabernacles because that is the backdrop of chapter 9. That leaves us with the Feast of Pentecost as the probable setting.

4.       John sets this miracle up almost like some movie introductions where the camera starts off with a view of the NY city skyline, then moves in closer to the city, amidst the buildings, into a crowd of people and then focuses on the main character.

5.       Here we see the occasion is a feast, in Jerusalem, near the sheep gate, at the pool of Bethesda, near the colonnades, amidst the multitudes, with a number of disabled and finally he focuses on a man who had been sick for 38 years.

b. Focus on Individual

1.       Jesus focuses on one man out of a whole crowd of people who are all there for the same purpose.  He does not heal the whole crowd.  He heals just one.  Why?

            Some suggest it is because this man is the only one who had given up all hope of ever getting into the pool.  This man had been sick 38 years. 

            I wonder how many other experiments this man had tried to get healed. He was ready to hope in something else. If that is true, it is analagous to the principle that people have to recognize they are lost before they are ready to trust in Christ.

            But, what is very evident in this miracle story, is that this man didnít even know who Jesus was and so his faith was not involved.

            Perhaps the lesson is that Godís sovereignty, plan and purpose are bigger than human need.  It is not limited by human infirmity.  Just because he heals only one person does not make him unjust. 

            If it was true then, is it true today? A lot of people say, ďIf God did this for them, then why doesnít he do this for me?Ē  Why doesnít God heal my cancer or my motherís cancer, he healed theirs....

            Older literature called this man the ďimpotent man.Ē That word has sexual connotations in our day, so it might be better to say the ďinfirm man.Ē  If we put ďThe Healing of the Impotent ManĒ on our marquee in front of the church, we might draw a larger crowd though.

c. Factuality of the pool (5:3b-4)

1.       These pools were just discovered by archaeologists in the early 1960ís.   This is just another example of how archaeology continues to affirm the factuality of scripture.

2.       What were the sick people waiting for?  They were waiting for an angel to come and stir the waters. 

3.       Some manuscripts leave this out.  Perhaps they left this out because it wasnít true that an angel came and stirred the waters. In our day, people believe that the waters of Hot Springs will heal them because someone claimed to have been healed there.  Where the tradition came from in our passage we donít know.  Someone may have been healed there or just claimed to have been. It doesnít really matter if it is true or not because the sick people believed it anyway (cf. 7).  John is not saying it is true or not.  Heís just telling us why these people hung out at this pool.

4.       I think it is interesting to note that the solution to the manís problem was Jesus, but he couldnít see it.  He was focused on getting to the pool.  He wanted to use Jesus to help him get to the pool.  He wasnít looking to Jesus for the healing. 

5.       I think there are a couple of applications we can make from verse 7.

            Just like this man had used his resources for 38 years to get well, we usually depend on our own resources to solve our problems.  When they donít work, we despair. 

            Sometimes we do turn to God, but with the wrong goal in mind. Just like this man who wanted Jesus to help him get down to the pool, I think we often look to God to give us what we think we need, when in fact, what we need is God, himself.

            If Iím depressed over my finances, I want God to give me a better job, help me win the lotto or whatever, when I really need to just depend on God and let Him work out the details. 

            If Iím depressed over a bad relationship or marriage, I want God to change the other person, when maybe Iím the one that needs to change or at least learn to depend on God for the fulfillment that no human can possibly give.

2. Cause of the miracle 5:6-9

a. The sympathy of the day  (6-7)

Jesus asks the question "Wilt thou be made whole?"  Perhaps we could paraphrase it, ďDo you want help from me  The man just wants to get to the water.  He doesnít realize who Jesus is and what Jesus can do.

b. The sign of the day  (8-9)

ďRise, take up thy bed, and walk." is the statement of healing. That he does it is the sign of the healing.  What I think is very important and applicable for us is that when Jesus gives a command; He also gives the enablement to carry out the command.  If we see a command in Scripture that we are to follow, we donít do it by our own power.  We do it through the power that God supplies.

3. Consequence of the miracle  5:10-15

a. For the Jews  (10-12)

1.       They are upset because of their over concern for the Sabbath.  Although there were 613 commands in the OT, they had added prohibitions to the law as a hedge around the law so that people would not break the law. 

2.       It is important to understand that their "hedge" commands were not really a hedge at all.  They were designed to allow the Jews to break all the 10 commandments.  Iím sure they would deny this and perhaps they didnít do it intentionally, but because of their natural evil human nature, they had ways of getting around all the commandments. 

3.       For example: 

A.      they could swear on the door of the temple and that was not binding but to swear on the doorknob of the temple was.  That allowed them to get around the command to not bear false witness. 

B.      They had very liberal divorce laws which allowed them to get around the command not to commit adultery.  They just got divorced, married the one they wanted to be with and then divorced her when they found someone new (cf. Matt 5:32).  The sermon on the mount goes through this in detail.

4.       They set up 39 prohibitions to supposedly protect the Sabbath.  #39 was that you couldnít carry your bed on the Sabbath.  Jesus goes right for that to challenge the tradition.  In reality, their Sabbath prohibitions kept them from bringing rest to mankind as the Sabbath was originally intended.  Jesus was going to bring rest to this man who had been sick for 38 years.

b. For the man  (13-15)

1.       This man had no faith.  He didnít even know who Jesus was.  This account destroys the idea that miracles are always the consequence of faith. Later we will see that raising a dead person is also not the result of the personís faith.  Only a few of the 35 miracles were the consequence of faith.

2.       V 14 Behold, thou art made whole: sin no more, lest a worse thing come unto thee.   makes me think that sin was probably the cause of his ailment. This is the only miracle when someone is told this.

3.       This tells me that we need to be real careful not to jump to any conclusions about the cause of someoneís sickness.  There are certain Christian groups that attribute most sickness to sin.  I think that is wrong and dangerous.  It is dangerous because those that believe that, logically believe that if they stop sinning, they will get well.  If they donít get well, then they can only conclude that they havenít figured out which sin it is that caused this.

4.       Jesus says, "Donít sin anymore, so that nothing worse may befall you." What could be worse than 38 years of sickness?  Perhaps he is referring to Hell. That would fit the following context of John 5:29.

5.       Why is the man in the temple?  Perhaps he is now a believer.  Perhaps the fact that Jesus commands him to stop sinning is an indication that he is now saved/a believer because unbelievers do not have the capability to not sin anymore.  Others take this command to be a message of conviction.  Perhaps Jesus warning of worse consequences is designed to convict him further.

6.       Vs 15.  Why does the man go tell the Jews?  He had to have known that they were angry at Jesus because of what they said in verses 10-12.

c. For Jesus  (16)

1.       Persecution - they plan to kill him. Because of their Sabbath traditions, they   missed the Savior.

2.       After this, Jesus goes into a major discourse on His equality with God.  As always, the signs are given to validate a sermon that was just given or about to be given.

3.       The Jews knew that God did not cease to work on the Sabbath.  People were born and people died on the Sabbath, and that was from God because He gives life and causes death.  When Jesus says My Father is working now (on the Sabbath) and I am working, it is an obvious claim to deity. 

II. INTERPRETATION

            Jesusí answer in vs. 18 is that he is doing his Fatherís work and has the prerogative of working on the Sabbath just as God does because he is equal with God.  Just because God rested on the 7th day of creation to set the tone for the Sabbath, doesnít mean he always rests on the Sabbath.  In fact the Bible says, that God doesnít sleep.  If you are a priest in the OT, you better hope God is not asleep on the Sabbath.

            Jesus is showing the Jewish tradition to be invalid by commanding the man to carry his pallet on the Sabbath.  It is OK when truth challenges tradition.

            There is kingdom imagery in this miracle.  Isa 35:5 speaks of the blind seeing and the lame walking.  This was another sign that the Messiah was present. The Sabbath rest was itself a foreshadow of the ultimate rest of the future kingdom.  When Jesus heals on the Sabbath, He is saying the Messiah is here and the Kingdom is at hand.  In the following context 5:19-25 we see realized eschatology and then in 26-30 future or final eschatology.

III. APPLICATIONS

            Jesus has the sovereign choice to deal with one out of a crowd.  Just because God heals others, does not mean He will heal me or someone I know.

            Oneís eternal destiny is more important than oneís temporal disability. To some -- The healing of disease is more important than evangelism.  I think that some of the television healers are a good example.

            Sickness is sometimes the cause of sin, but not always.

            We carry out the commands of God by the power which God supplies.

            Genuine gratitude should be demonstrated by holy living.

            There is a danger of missing the work of God if Iím trusting in my traditions.  The Phariseesí traditions said you couldnít do any work on the Sabbath, so they missed it when God worked on the Sabbath.  What kind of traditions do we have that might blind us to Godís work? 

            I think Cessationists (which includes me) need to be careful of this one.  Our tradition says that sign gifts have died out. Unfortunately, this causes many Cessationists to conclude that God doesnít work supernaturally